MOORE, Okla. - On the one-year anniversary of the Moore tornado, we look back at the damage caused by the EF-5.
At 2:40 p.m. May 20, 2013, the first of six sirens sounded in the Oklahoma City suburb. Over the next 40 minutes, winds of more than 200 mph claimed two schools as well as the city's only hospital and thousands of homes.
The tornado hit Briarwood Elementary at 3:15. Three minutes later, at 3:18 Plaza Towers Elementary was struck and seven children lost their lives.
At 3:20, the twister hit Moore Medical Center, where patients and staff took cover in the cafeteria, and Warren Theatre was hit just before the tornado crossed the highway.
The last siren sounded at 3:20.
In the end, 24 people were dead and another 387 treated for injuries at local hospitals. A 25th person died months later after suffering a stroke, having never fully recovered from a head injury sustained in the tornado.
The tornado, which started in Newcastle, was on the ground for 40 minutes and left a 17-mile path of damage in its wake that caused $2 billion in damage.
At the time, more than 3,000 tornado shelters were registered in Moore -- among the highest in the country for a city its size.
While 2,393 buildings were damaged in some way, 96 percent of which were homes, 1,128 buildings were destroyed.
Just two weeks after the tornado, 32,433 insurance claims were filed for vehicles, homes and commercial properties. The number nearly tripled by the end of August with more than 88,000 claims filed for a total of $945,046,255.
In the aftermath of the storm, 1,164,399 cubic yards of debris were cleared from the community. In the first two months after the tornado, 87 percent of the debris was cleared, paid for by the federal government at a cost of $4.1 million.
The government has provided more than $50 million in relief, including nearly $14 million from FEMA for individual assistance and nearly $38.5 million in disaster recovery loans for homeowners and businesses.
The tornadoes in Moore and Shawnee, which left two dead the day before, resulted in the largest Red Cross emergency response for all of the U.S. in 2013.
- 460,000 meals were served;
- 400,000 relief items, including ice chests, buckets, gloves, flashlights, tarps and shovels, were distributed;
- 23,000 overnight stays in shelters were provided;
- 2,500 Red Cross workers responded, 91 percent of whom were volunteers; and
- $52.4 million raised for relief.
In addition to the Red Cross, a number of other relief organizations, churches and volunteers responded following the twister.
Benefit concerts featuring Oklahoma musicians and other fundraisers raised $20 million for the United Way of Central Oklahoma.
Following the storm, Moore became the first city in the country to adopt stricter building standards specifically to limit extensive tornado damage. At the time of the storm, homes were built according to the accepted building standard nationwide, which says homes must be able to withstand winds up to 90 mph. In April 2014, the Moore city council approved 11 new building codes, which require new homes be built to withstand winds up to 135 mph.