Signs and symptoms of heat stroke, exhaustion, cramps for 100 degree temperatures

TULSA - Are you ready for extreme heat?

2News meteorologists are forecasting triple-digit highs over the next seven days.

And with those 100+ degree temperatures come the risk of heat stroke, heat exhaustion and heat cramps. Here are the warning signs for each:

Heat Stroke

What you need to look for:

  • Hot, red skin
  • Rapid, weak pulse
  • Rapid, shallow breathing
  • Body temperature as high as 105 degrees
  • Changes in consciousness

What you should do:

  • Call 911
  • Move the person to a cooler place
  • Quickly cool the person. Put him in a cool bath and wrap with wet sheets or towels
  • Keep him lying down
  • Give him small amounts of water if he is fully awake and not vomiting

Heat Exhaustion

What you need to look for:

  • Cool, moist, pale or flushed skin
  • Heavy sweating
  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Dizziness and exhaustion
  • Body temperature may be normal or may be rising

What you should do:

  • Move the person to a cooler place
  • Remove or loosen tight clothing
  • Apply cool, wet cloths
  • If conscious, give small amounts of cool water every 15 minutes
  • Avoid drinks with caffeine or alcohol

Heat Cramps

What you need to look for:

  • Tightening of the muscles in the legs or other parts of the body

What you should do:

  • Move the person to a cooler place
  • Lightly stretch the affected muscle
  • Give a half glass of cool water every 15 minutes

Other tips to protecting yourself during the heat of summer:

  • Drink lots of water - Stay away from alcohol or caffeine
  • Eat small meals and eat more often
  • Dress right - Wear loose-fitting, lightweight, light-colored clothing. Protect your face and head with a wide-brimmed hat
  • Keep heat outside and cool air inside - Put up temporary reflectors in windows like cardboard covered with aluminum foil. Hang shades, sheets or curtains that get morning or afternoon sun
  • Find places that have air conditioning; schools, libraries, malls, other public buildings
     

We also have apps to help you stay on top of the weather throughout the day.

Our KJRH Interactive Weather Center app will update with any new heat advisories issued from the National Weather Service as well as give you an hour by hour forecast throughout the day. It's available on both iPhone (http://bit.ly/oVm3py) and iPad (http://bit.ly/qEU8cz).

Our Storm Shield app (bit.ly/kjrhstormshield) isn't just for severe storms, it works for the extreme heat as well. Storm Shield will notify you to any heat advisories with an audible alert.

 

Source: Oklahoma State University Medical Center

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