Now that the flood waters have receded in Houston comes a reality for thousands of homeowners with damaged homes: they don't have flood insurance.
Nor do many Florida residents who don't live along the coast, where flood insurance is mandatory.
While the federal government pledges to help many of them rebuild, getting funds can take months, if past hurricanes are any indication.
Hurricane Harvey and Irma are a reminder of nature's potential wrath. So what if your home were to flood from a hurricane, or just a localized storm? Would you be covered for damage? In most cases, the answer is no.
In Cincinnati, for example, many area homeowners were swamped by five feet or water after days of heavy rain. Most of them, like Amanda Col, had no flood insurance.
"We don't have flood insurance because we are not in a flood zone. We were told we didn't need it," she said.
That's the same thing that happened all over the Houston area: neighborhoods were not considered flood zones, so flood insurance was not required.
Now a year later, despite no insurance help, Cole and others have repaired the damage, at tremendous cost in many cases.
But neighbor Robert Bedinghaus worries another big storm could do it over again.
"When the water comes up, everything overloads with all the building they are doing, new construction," he said. "It keeps getting worse, even though it's been bad since I was a kid."
Development, in the form of more and more subdivisions, highways, and shopping centers, is turning non-flood areas into potential flood zones all across the country. Insurance groups say that unless you live on a hilltop, you should purchase flood insurance these days.
Ron Eveligh, Cincinnati Insurance Board director, says a flood policy costs about $500 a year for $250,000 of coverage. It is sold by the federal government, through local insurance agents.
Your homeowners' policy won't cover flooding.
Don't think your agent will be able to help you if water rushes in to your home, and you don't have coverage.
"There is no flood coverage unless they have a flood insurance policy," he said.
For a lot of families, however, an extra $500 a year is really too rich for their budget. But there is a cheaper alternative worth looking at: drain backup insurance.
Drain or sewer backup protection is an add-on, or "rider," on your existing policy, for $75 a year.
"Back up sewer coverage is offered by a majority of insurance companies, and it can be added to your homeowners policy," Eveligh said.
It covers you for storm water or sewage that comes up drains, which is very common these days as storms seem to get bigger and last longer. And it is incredibly affordable, at just $5 a month or so.