The Oklahoma State Department of Health wants to get the word out about the importance of preventing food-borne diseases while enjoying picnics or grilling food outdoors.
Each year, an estimated
76 million cases of food-borne disease occur in the United States.
Experts say most of these cases are mild. But some are more serious, resulting in
325,000 hospitalizations and
5,000 deaths nationwide.
The Oklahoma State Department of Health recommend the following basic food safety tips:
- Wash your hands with hot, soapy water before touching food and after using the bathroom, changing diapers, or touching pets
- Wash cutting boards, counters, dishes, and utensils with hot, soapy water after working with each food item
- If you're eating away from home, find out if there's a source of clean water. If not, bring water for preparation and cleaning. Or pack clean cloths and wet towelettes for cleaning surfaces and hands
- Keep raw meat, poultry, seafood, and their juices away from ready-to-eat foods such as fruits and vegetables. When transporting raw meat or poultry, double wrap or place the packages in plastic bags to prevent juices from the raw product from dripping on other foods
- Use a separate cutting board for raw meat products and ready-to-eat foods such as fresh fruits and vegetables
- Avoid using utensils that have touched raw meat to cut up raw vegetables or other uncooked foods. Raw meat juices can contain bacteria that could cross-contaminate safely cooked foods
- Never place cooked food on a plate that previously held raw meat, poultry, or seafood
- Set your refrigerator to 40°F or colder. The freezer should be kept at 0°F.
- If cooking foods beforehand, such as turkey, ham, chicken, and vegetable or pasta salads, for an outdoor gathering, prepare them in plenty of time to thoroughly chill in the refrigerator. Divide large amounts of food into small containers for fast chilling and easier use.
- After estimating the amount of food that needs to be kept cold, pack an insulated cooler with sufficient ice or gel packs to keep the food at 40 °F. Pack food right from the refrigerator or freezer into the cooler. Except when served, the food should be stored in a cooler.
- Organize cooler contents. Consider packing beverages in one cooler and foods in another. That way, as the beverage cooler is opened and reopened, foods won't be exposed to warm outdoor air temperatures.
- Chill any leftovers promptly in shallow containers. Discard any food left out more than two hours (or one hour if temperatures are above 90 °F).
- Use a food thermometer. You can't tell if food is cooked safely by how it looks!
- Cook foods according to recommended temperatures. To be sure bacteria are destroyed, cook hamburgers to 160 °F. Cook poultry to 165 °F. Reheat all pre-cooked meats to 165 °F.
If you have questions about food-borne illnesses or food safety, visit
and click on "Seasonal Disease Topics - Food-borne Illness" or contact your local county health department.
Copyright 2009 The E.W. Scripps Co. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.